Tripura: History, Culture & Heritage

Tripura, the third smallest state of India, is an unspoiled natural gem nestled in the northeastern region. The state has 19 different tribal communities along with Manipuri and Bengali communities that contribute to the rich cultural heritage of Tripura. A large number of races residing in the state contribute to the state’s dynamic culture. Every community has its own set of traditions and customs, which gets passed on to the younger generations.


The Rich History Behind Tripura

Tripura was known as Kirat Desh during the ancient period. Traces of Tripura’s history can be found in the Rajmala stories that document the accounts of Muslim historians and the king of Tripura. According to them, the rulers of Tripura were known by the surname ‘Fa,’ meaning ‘Father’. The state is also mentioned in Mahabharata and many religious Puranas and inscriptions from the time of the Ashoka Emperor.

The book of Rajmala, written by the Tripuri kings in the 15th century, provides complete documentation of the history of Tripura. During the time of British rule, Tripura was one of the independent states in India. Before that, the state was under the dominion of the Manikya Empire. The Manikya Dynasty rulers governed Tripura for a long period. In the year 1972, Tripura was recognized as one of the Indian states.

Culture and Heritage of Tripura

The culture of Tripura is defined by the communities and their tradition. The tribals like Kuki, Garo, Uchoi, Mizo, Manipuri, Tripuri, and Rang still like to live in the forest. Most of the Bengali Hindus reside here in large numbers and influence the culture of Tripura. There are many mythologies, stories, puzzles, songs, and folklores that are influenced by the state’s culture. All these stories are based on everyday experiences with descriptions of gods, goddesses, demons, witches, animals, flora and the galaxy. In Tripura, the people of every community pay special attention to the environment and keep it clean.

Indian dance performance - culture of Tripura

The social structure of Tripura depicts harmony among various tribal sects. A major portion of the population comprises Bengalis. Tripura is known for many cultural and historical places, such as the Ujjwanta palace library and The Nilmahal-built palace, which many tourists visit. The tribes are influenced by cultural practices like property inheritance systems and marriage customs.

Tripura’s cultural domain is rich with a wide spectrum of various multi-dimensional features. Music, folk dance, and festivals are the defining elements here. The folk dance and songs are performed at weddings, festivals and religious occasions. Some of the most famous dance and art forms are Bizu, Garia, Jhum, Hai Hak, Lebang Boomani, and many more. Each tribe of Tripura possesses its line of music and dance tradition, making each unique.

Durga Puja statue

Tripura is commemorated as the land of various fairs and festivals. The festivals such as Bisu, Ker Puja, Kharchi Puja, Durga Puja, Gajan Festival, and Hojagiri are celebrated round the year. All the tribal communities, along with Tripuris and Bengalis, join in celebrating the festivals of Tripura with much gusto. The state is also known for its cane and bamboo products, jewellery and handloom items. The tribes of Tripura possess special crafting skills. Most people are engaged in making different types of handicrafts and establishing handloom industries.

The tribal groups also inspire and represent the cuisine of Tripura. Berma is one of the most important ingredients used in their cuisine. The dishes of Tripura are mainly made without oil and are non-vegetarian.

Make sure to visit this beautiful and naturally rich state once in your lifetime to experience the best of the state of Tripura. On your visit, pamper yourself to a luxurious stay at Hotel Polo Towers, Agartala.

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